History of Royal Pavilion (Hor Kham Luang)
1. Introduction The Royal Pavilion symbolizes the function hall of Lanna King with the history dated back more than 700 years ago. The pavilion was normally donated to the monastry to be built as Pra Viharn for housing of the main Buddha after the King passed away. The new King would rebuild the pavilion after being throned. At present, there are very few Hor Khams left to see.
2. The Royal Pavillion (Hor Kham Luang)
This is a distinct and unique structure in honor of the present King and was built with the following objectives :
- To celebrate the 40th year of the throne by King Rama 9th as well as his 80th birthday.
- To disseminate the knowledge of royal activities to the public.
The construction of the Royal Pavillion was started in 2004 and completed in 2006 on the area of 3,000 sq.m. with the budget of US$ 3 million. The structure was built with wooden joints without using nails. The construction of the top parts of the entrance (Nhabun) was carried out by 60 Lanna craftsmen from 5 northern provinces. The rabit symbolizes the year of birth of King Rama 9th. Inside the hall there are 10 bunches of Bhodi leaves representing 10 royal rules of governance and consisting of 21,905 leaves equivalent to number of throning days of the King. The walls inside the hall are painted with royal activities showing his dedication by visiting all parts of the countries and providing assistance to rural peasants.
The architectural style of the Royal Pavillion is Lanna arts. The construction of chat as the Top decoration on the top of the roof belongs to Chiang Kwang arts. The Lions at the foot of stains symbolize Chiangsaen arts. Also, the windows and air vents belong to Ratanakosin arts. On the ground floor there is a hall to exhibit the King’s activities benefiting the country. The hall is one of the biggest collection of royal activities in Thailand.
3. Number of visitors to the Park Since the opening of the Park in 2006, There are 7.5 million visitors. In 2012/2013 there are 700,000 visitors with 20,000 Chinese visiting the Park ranking no 1 among foreign visitors.
4. Management of the Park
The Park envisions to be a learning center for flora and horticulture. Also, it is a recreational, cultural and tourism area of Chiangmai and Thailand.
The Park covers the area of 468 rai (190 acres) and is supported by the government budget of 87 million baht per year. The Park could earn about 40 million baht annually. There are 3,000 species of plants in the Park.
The Park was run by 36 personnel and 136 gardeners. The management of the Park is divided into technical section, O&M section and administrative section. The Park directly reports to the highland research and development institute. The Park is also the outlet for the hill tribe’s products from plants to handicrafts.
5. Word Plan in 2013/2014
Major annual events consist of :
- Winter Flora Festival (December 1,2013 – February 28,2014)
- Thai New Year Celebration (April 2014 )
- Curcuma Festival (August 2014) Also, Training sessions consist of :
- Sufficiency Economy
- Flora and Horticulture ,etc.